Diwali, or Deepawali is the biggest,the brightest & most well-known of the Indian festivals. The word “Deepawali” refers to rows of diyas, or clay lamps.It’s the festival of lights that’s marked by five days of celebration . Families light lamps, candles and fireworks to symbolise the triumph of light over darkness, wisdom over ignorance and good over evil.
During five days festivity various rituals are followed and with Goddess Lakshmi several other Gods and Goddesses are worshipped. However Goddess Lakshmi is the most significant deity during Diwali Puja. Lakshmi symbolizes wealth, happiness and prosperity. The new moon day, which is known as Amavasya, is the most significant day of five days Diwali festivities and known as Lakshmi Puja, Lakshmi-Ganesh Puja and Diwali Puja.
Indians celebrate with family gatherings, glittering clay lamps, festive fireworks . Various lights, candles and sparklers are lit on Diwali. Many homes that celebrate Diwali prepare assorted sweets & savories to exchange among friends & families .
The first day of the five-day Diwali Festival is known as DhanTeras . The word Dhan means wealth and Teras means 13th day as per Hindu calendar. On Dhanteras, Goddess Lakshmi is worshiped to provide prosperity and well being. On Dhanteras Hindus consider it auspicious to purchase gold or silver articles or new utensils. It is believed that new “Dhan” or some form of precious metal is a sign of good luck.
The second day of Diwali Festival is celebrated as ‘Choti Diwali’ or ‘Small Diwali’ . People celebrate this day with fewer lights and fewer crackers.
On the third day, ‘Diwali’ people worship Goddess Lakshmi, who is believed to be associated with good luck, wealth and prosperity. The house is thoroughly cleaned and the family members get together to offer prayers.
Fourth day OR The day after Diwali is referred to as Govardhan Puja & is celebrated as the day Krishna defeated Indra. It is the day when Krishna convinced his father and the elders of his village to perform pooja of Govardhan hill instead of worshiping the celestial god Indra.
BhaiDuj is celebrated on the fifth day & is a day for brothers and sisters. On this day, the sister applies vermillion on the forehead of her brother and prays for his long life. The brother presents a gift to his sister and blesses her that she may get the best of things in her life.
Diwali night falls between mid-October and mid-November & is an official holiday in India .
Off the whole, this festival is an occasion for joy, thrill and excitement.